Hospital Parking Charges in England

Hospital Parking Charges in England

This month’s blog is going to look at an issue that has been in the news quite a bit recently – the price of hospital parking. There are mixed views as to whether charging for hospital parking is a good idea or not, with fees being scrapped in Scotland as of 2008 (apart from at 3 hospitals tied in to long PFI contracts) and in Wales as of the end of 2018 (10 years after the plan was first announced). Parking charges still remain in England and as expected, vary hugely from location to location.


Parking Charges

The maps in this blog will explore the variation in parking charges across England (check out the interactive version here). Of the 497 hospitals considered, 321 of them charged for parking, 129 offered free parking, 29 had no parking facilities and there was no data available for the remaining 18. This map shows the charging type for each hospital car park. Red dots indicate hospitals which have charging schemes in place, blue dots indicate hospitals which don’t charge for parking, green dots show hospitals with no available parking and purple dots show hospitals where there was no available data on parking.

Figure 1. Parking charging structure for NHS hospitals in England.

Of the 65% of NHS car parks which charge for parking the cost for 1 hour ranged from £0 to £4 with the mean being £2.20. The size of the dots on this map shows the cost of 1 hours parking in hospitals across England. The larger the dot, the more expensive it is for 1 hour of parking. The map shows that, as expected, parking costs tend to be higher in and around cities where land is limited and at a premium.

Figure 2. Cost of 1 hours parking at NHS hospitals in England.

The highest charge for one hour is £4, charged by the Royal Surrey County Hospital. The following hospitals charge the £3.5 or more for one hour.

Figure 3. Hospitals charging over £3.5 for 1 hour of parking.

Hospital

NHS Trust

Cost for one hours parking (£)

Royal Surrey County Hospital

Royal Surrey County NHS Foundation Trust

4

The Royal Liverpool University Hospital

Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust

3.8

Hertford County Hospital

East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust

3.8

Royal Orthopaedic Hospital

The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

3.8

Northern General Hospital

Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

3.7

The County Hospital

3.5

Cossham Hospital

North Bristol NHS Trust

3.5

Royal Liverpool University Dental Hospital

Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust

3.5

Southmead Hospital

North Bristol NHS Trust

3.5

Amersham Hospital

Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust

3.5

Stoke Mandeville Hospital

Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust

3.5

Wycombe Hospital

Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust

3.5

Ashford Hospital

Ashford and St Peter’s Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

3.5

St Peter’s Hospital

Ashford and St Peter’s Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

3.5

Stepping Hill Hospital

Stockport NHS Foundation Trust

3.5

Macclesfield District General Hospital

East Cheshire NHS Trust

3.5

The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust

The Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust

3.5

Table 1. Hospitals with highest hourly charge for parking.

The colour of the dots on the map below indicates the length of free parking offered. Yellow dots indicate hospitals with no length of free parking, the darker orange the dot the longer the length of the free parking. Even at hospitals which charge for parking, many offer a limited length of free parking. This varies from 0 to 6 hours. Around 50% of charged car parks offered no free parking period but, of those that did, the average length of free parking was 20 minutes. This map clearly highlights that the length of free parking is much lower/non existent around cities, although also spread across the rest of the country.

Figure 4. Length of free parking at NHS hospitals in England.

The cost for 2 hours of parking ranged from £0 to £7 with the mean being just under £3. Chelsea and Westminster hospital was the only one to charge £7 for 2 hours parking. 3 other London hospitals charged £6 for 2 hours. The hospitals charging £5 or more for 2 hours parking are displayed below. Again, the highest costs are generally found in big cities – particularly London and Birmingham.

Figure 5. Cost for 2 hours of parking at NHS hospitals in England. The larger or darker red the dot, the higher the cost.

Figure 6. Hospitals charging £5 or more for 2 hours of parking.

The cost for a full day of parking also varies greatly across the country – from £2 to £40. The map below shows the hospitals (with parking charges in place) that charge less than £5 for a days parking.

Figure 7. Hospitals charging £5 or less for a days parking.

Conversely, the following maps show the hospitals which charge the most for a days parking. 3 hospitals charge over £30 for a day, again these are all situated in Central London.

Figure 8. Hospitals charging over £10 for a days parking.

Figure 9. Hospitals charging over £20 for a days parking.

Figure 10. Hospitals charging over £30 for a days parking.


Parking Spend

The car parking services cost (which is defined as Total pay and non-pay cost of car parking services net of income, for the use by patients, visitors and staff. Include, leases, staffing, maintenance, external contracts (third party operators, payments systems, management fees, permit administration etc.)”) ranges from -£3,248,762 at the Royal Derby Hospital to +£2,158,706 at Aintree University Hospital.

The colour of the dot indicates the car parking services cost with red dots having negative values and yellow and blue dots having positive values. The size of the dot is relative to the number of parking spaces at that hospital, with a larger dot meaning there are more parking spaces.

Figure 11. Parking services cost


Parking Income

The overall parking income from patient and visitor parking also varies greatly across England, ranging from -£3.5m at the Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust to +£4m at the University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust. Income from staff parking also varies from -£2.8m at the Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust to +£1.7m at the Leeds Teaching Hospital NHS Trust. The map shows the Voronoi polygons based on the hospitals within each NHS trust and the associated income from parking in that NHS trust. Voronoi polygons have been used to create an estimated outline of each NHS trust based on the location of the hopsitals that fall within each trust.

Figure 12. Income from patient and visitor parking in each NHS trust.

Figure 13. NHS Hospital trusts with negative income from patient and visitor parking.

Organisation Name

Income from car parking - patients and visitors (£)

Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust

-3,538,315

East Kent Hospitals University NHS Foundation Trust

-2,621,066

Airedale NHS Foundation Trust

-401,343

Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust

-223,087

Table 3. NHS Trusts that lose money from patient and visitor parking

Figure 14. NHS hospital trusts which make over £1m from visitor and patient parking.

Figure 15. NHS hospital trusts which make over £2m from visitor and patient parking.

Figure 16. NHS hospital trusts which make over £3m from visitor and patient parking.

Organisation Name

Income From Car Parking - Patients And Visitors (£)

University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust

4,031,182

Heart Of England NHS Foundation Trust

4,006,108

Frimley Health NHS Foundation Trust

3,194,658

University Hospitals Of Leicester NHS Trust

3,119,862

Derby Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

2,856,233

Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

2,790,172

Mid Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust

2,679,234

University Hospital Of North Midlands NHS Trust

2,676,009

University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust

2,584,295

Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

2,335,861

Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust

2,306,093

The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

2,165,540

Basildon and Thurrock University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

2,122,013

St George’s University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

1,978,513

North West Anglia NHS Foundation Trust

1,950,926

Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

1,942,991

Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust

1,926,300

Ashford and St. Peter’s Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

1,919,472

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust

1,919,152

Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

1,913,629

Table 2. NHS Trusts with the highest income from patient and visitor parking

Income from staff parking is also hugely variable, ranging from -£2.78m at Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust to +£2.02m at Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust.

Figure 17. Income from staff parking.

The following hospitals are those which make a negative income from staff parking, there is no specific pattern across the country.

Figure 18. NHS Trusts making a negative income from staff parking.

The following NHS trusts are the ones that make the greatest profit from staff parking.16 make over £1m, and 3 make over £1.5m.

Figure 19. NHS Hospital Trusts making over £1m from staff parking.

Figure 20. NHS Hospital Trusts making over £1.5m from staff parking.

By visualising the data in Location Insights Explorer we can understand more about the huge variation in the cost of hospital parking across England and the huge variation in the cost of providing parking facilities and the income that they generate.

To learn more about Emu Analytics’ Location Insights Explorer, click here or get in contact for a demo.


Data sources: