Analysis of England’s Christmas Dinner farm production since 1945 shows significant changes in growing areas and a 951% rise in the number of Turkeys

Analysis of England’s Christmas Dinner farm production since 1945 shows significant changes in growing areas and a 951% rise in the number of Turkeys

Today Emu Analytics, a leading data science and software company, have published a map of how growing areas for the traditional Christmas Dinner ingredients in England have changed from 1945 to 2018. The maps are available to view online by going to https://locationinsights.co.uk/b/bU.

The analysis and maps show;

  • There are now ~3.9m turkeys in England of which 1.3m are in Norfolk.
  • In Herefordshire Turkeys outnumber people 2.2:1.
  • In 1945 there were just 410,000 turkeys.
  • There are now ~3.9m pigs in England, ~800,000 of which are in North Yorkshire (where there are more pigs than humans).
  • In 1945 there were 1.6 million pigs.
  • There are now >100,000 hectares of potatoes and 65,000 hectares of “Other Veg” across England.
  • The number of hectares of potatoes was almost 4 times higher in 1945 at 370,000 hectares.
  • The growing areas have changed considerably with the change in population, transport and farming methods – see the image 1 and 2 below. Compared to 1945 there is a less even distribution across the country with things being grown intensively in some areas and not at all in others.

Table 1. Breakdown by Christmas Dinner ingredient in England 1945 v 2018.

Image 1. Christmas 1945 with growing locations of key Christmas Dinner ingredients (Turkey, Pigs in Blankets, Potatoes and Cabbage).

Image 2. Christmas 2018 with growing locations of key Christmas Dinner ingredients (Turkey, Pigs in Blankets, Potatoes and Vegetables).

Greater London

Greater London shows the most extreme changes due to urbanisation.

Table 2. Breakdown for Greater London by Christmas Dinner ingredient in England 1945 v 2018

Growing locations for each Christmas dinner ingredient – the present versus 1945

a. TurkeysImage 3. Current locations versus 1945 locations of turkeys across England (one dot = 100 turkeys).

b. PigsImage 4. Current versus 1945 locations of pigs across England (one dot = 100 pigs).

c. Potatoes

Image 5. Current locations versus 1945 locations of potato production across England (one dot = 10ha).

d. Vegetables

Image 6. Current locations of vegetable production and cabbage production in 1945 across England (one dot = 10ha).

Emu Analytics analysis of Open Data using its Locations Insights Explorer tool brings to life the changes that have happened in the number and growing locations of our Christmas Dinner key ingredients. Whilst we all know that much has changed since 1945 the level of detail and visualisation that can be achieved in 2018 using Emu’s technology is very powerful. We encourage you to interact directly with this fun analysis by freely accessing Location Insights Explorer at https://locationinsights.co.uk/b/bU.

Emu Analytics would like to wish you a very Merry Christmas and a happy and healthy 2019.

Data for this analysis was sourced from the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.